Singapore is the second most densely populated country in the world. Roads take up 12% of our total land area and demands on land transport system is set to increase by 60% from the current 8.9 million daily journeys to 14.3 million by 2020. Yet, despite constraints faced by the nation, present-day Singapore is able to maintain an internationally acclaimed transport system and is at the forefront of managing traffic at social acceptable levels.
In addition to continuous investments in transport infrastructures such as expressways, road tunnels, electronic monitoring systems and facilities for the less mobile, Singapore also adopts a mixture of bold transport policies to curtail traffic congestion on the roads, such as initiating the world's first road pricing system and controlling car ownership using taxes and COE systems. At the same time, the government also encourages usage of public transport by continuously upgrading the public transport system to make it the the choice mode for most commuters. These include major extensions of MRT and LRT rails, integration of bus services and regulating taxi services.
This resource guide aims to provide the reader interested in the development of Singapore's land transport system an overview of its development, key policies and strategies. Resources available from the National Library Singapore and its electronic databases are also available for the reader's further research.
The guide is divided into the following sections.
I) History and Milestones:
- 1990s - 2000s
II) Public Transport System
III) Car Ownership
IV) Managing Congestion
Each section begins with an overview to help the reader put the resources in context. The final section on accessing library resources provides instructions for readers to locate the materials in National Library Singapore.
- Types of materials included in this guide:
- Print materials (Books, Government Publications and Working Papers) from the National Library Singapore's Lee Kong Chian Reference Library. The reader can click on the hyperlink that activates NLB's catalogue.
- News articles from the National Library Singapore's newspaper database NewspaperSG.
- Academic Journals from electronic databases accessible from NLB's website.
- Internet Websites with links provided.
- This guide highlights items in the National Library Singapore's collection, and is thus not intended to be comprehensive. Interested readers should search the NLB catalogues and databases for more works. There is a greater focus on works authored by government transport agencies, as they would have first-hand involvement in major policies.
- We welcome readers' suggestions for improving this guide.
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