The Minnan people
The Chinese population in Singapore is mostly made up of the Hokkien dialect group who came from Fujian in China.Fujian Province is also known as the Min Province, hence the Hokkiens are also known as Minnan people. The Hokkiens in Singapore mostly came from Quanzhou, Zhangzhou and Yongchun. In a broader coverage, Minnan people also include those from Xiaman, Fuzhou, Xinghua.
The Hokkiens started arriving in Singapore looking for jobs in the 19th century. They are commonly found working in the entrepot industry, shipping and sawmill industry, banking, plantations, construction, food and beverages. At that time, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou and Xiaman were the main trading ports of China, and hence the Hokkiens who came to Malaya were mostly businessmen.
These immigrants brought along their culture and beliefs to Malaya. Some of the businessmen were involved in financing or sponsoring cultural and educational activities such as starting newspapers and schools. The Hokkiens also started their own temple associations and other charitable organisations. For example, Thian Hock Keng Temple, and the Singapore Hokkien Huay Kuan. The people who managed these organisations soon became the leaders in the community.
Users can visit the Lee Kong Chian Reference Library to look for more publications about the Hokkiens and their culture. The above information are obtained from the following books:
《海外华人百科全书》.潘翎主编 ; 崔贵强编译. 香港 : 三联书店, 1998.
索书号：RCO/RSING 304.80951 ENC
《阮这世人 : 新加坡福建人的习俗》. 新加坡 : 新加坡福建会馆, 2009.
索书号：RCO/RSING 390.095957 RZS
《头路 : 新加坡福建人的行业》 .方百成等.新加坡 : 新加坡福建会馆, 2008.
索书号：RSING 338.04095957 TL